Natural gas and electricity are necessary today. People need these to power up appliances in residential and commercial buildings. Natural gas and electricity supply are essential due to these reasons:
- necessary components of modern infrastructure
- providing energy for various purposes (homes, businesses, and industries)
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Natural gas supply
Natural gas is a fossil fuel primarily composed of methane (CH4) and used for:
- electricity generation
Natural gas is a fuel source in industrial processes. The supply of natural gas involves several key aspects:
- Extraction. Natural gas is extracted from underground reservoirs, often in conjunction with oil production. These reservoirs can be onshore or offshore.
- Processing. Once extracted, the natural gas undergoes processing, removing impurities, such as:
- sulfur compounds
These are used to separate natural gas liquids (NGLs) like propane and butane.
- Transportation. Natural gas is transported to consumers through pipelines. These pipelines can cover vast distances, crossing countries and even continents.
- Storage. Storage facilities are used to store excess natural gas for times of high demand or when supply is disrupted. Underground storage in depleted natural gas reservoirs is common.
- Distribution. Local distribution companies (LDCs) or utilities distribute natural gas to:
- industrial facilities
Electricity is a versatile form of energy used for lighting, heating, cooling, powering appliances, and driving various industrial processes. The supply of electricity involves a complex system with multiple stages and click https://www.nordicenergy-us.com/:
- Generation. Electricity is primarily generated at power plants. These plants can use various energy sources, including:
- fossil fuels (coal, natural gas, oil),
- Transmission. High-voltage transmission lines transport electricity (from power plants to substations). These lines can span long distances. The electricity is transmitted at high voltages to minimize energy loss during transportation.
- Distribution. At substations, the electricity is stepped down to lower voltages for distribution. Local utilities or distribution companies deliver electricity.
- Retail supply. End-users receive electricity through retail providers or utilities, which often offer various rate plans and services. Consumers receive bills based on their electricity consumption.
- Regulation. The electricity sector is subject to government regulations to guarantee:
- environmental standards
- fair pricing
Some regions have deregulated electricity markets where consumers can choose their electricity provider.
Both natural gas and electricity supply systems meet the energy needs of societies. These are interconnected in many ways, natural gas powering plants to generate electricity. Efforts are continuing to transition, promoting cleaner and more sustainable energy sources.